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Insight into the development of artificial intelligence in the world -- Germany Libao's leading edge in artificial intelligence

original title: insight into the development of artificial intelligence in the world -- Germany Libao's leading edge in artificial intelligence

reference news on March 12 (Wen/Zhang Yirong) the German government regards artificial intelligence as an important growth point for the future of the German economy. German Chancellor Angela Merkel once said that "Germany and Europe must maintain leading regional advantages in the field of artificial intelligence in the future", believing that this matter "is related to the future prosperity of Germany and the defense of individual dignity value and private domain in the digital era". The German government issued a national strategy to promote the development of artificial intelligence in November 2018, but its industrialization still faces challenges in data use and enterprise concepts

German Chancellor Angela Merkel (front right) interacted with robots at the Hannover Industrial Expo in April 2018. (AFP)

attach importance to the transformation of research results

Germany's research on artificial intelligence started early and has a good foundation in basic research. The German artificial intelligence research center is the largest scientific research institution in this field in the world, with a history of 30 years. The center has branches in Berlin, Saarland and Rhineland Pfalz, Germany, with more than 900 employees

Anja kalichek, German Federal Minister of education and research, said that Germany has famous scientific research institutions such as Fraunhofer, Max Planck and Helmholtz, and has strong regional advantages in scientific research. However, at this stage, the development of artificial intelligence in Germany still needs the joint efforts of political, economic and academic circles, especially to promote the transformation of relevant basic research results

in recent years, some industries in Germany have begun to use AI related technologies. For example, in the field of public safety, many railway stations in Germany are equipped with cameras based on AI technology to recognize the faces of station people; Another example is an Internet company in Potsdam, Germany, which also uses artificial intelligence algorithms to provide users with daily dress matching suggestions

German Economy Minister Peter altemaier said that the economic effect of artificial intelligence is expected to exceed all other technological changes since the invention of the steam engine. According to a report of McKinsey, a well-known consulting company, by 2030, with the help of artificial intelligence, the German economy will grow by an additional 1.3 percentage points per month on the basis of the original economic growth

determine three strategic goals

Germany officially launched the national AI strategy in November, 2018, which determines three goals: first, establish the leading regional advantages of Germany and Europe in AI technology and applications, so as to ensure Germany's competitiveness; Second, ensure the significance of AI technology and application and the orientation of public welfare; Third, we should integrate AI into human social life in ethics, legal system, culture and system within the framework of extensive social dialogue and active political design

the strategy defines the following priorities: strengthen AI research, accelerate the transformation of AI research results, build digital infrastructure to serve AI applications, strengthen the strength of relevant professionals, promote the structural transformation of governments, enterprises and labor markets, pay attention to the ethical issues of AI applications, and strengthen AI cooperation at the European and international levels, Lead the whole society dialogue on the impact of AI technology and opportunities

the strategy emphasizes that the R & D and application of artificial intelligence should be people-centered. Based on the existing artificial intelligence research centers, a total of 12 centers should be built to form a national network of artificial intelligence application demonstration; We should strengthen the discipline and specialty construction of artificial intelligence and introduce at least 100 relevant professionals; In particular, we should strengthen cooperation with France to jointly promote the construction, research, development and application of German and French artificial intelligence research and innovation network; We should accelerate the digitization of education and meet the challenges of artificial intelligence in the future

the artificial intelligence strategy is jointly implemented by the Federal Ministry of economy, the Federal Ministry of teaching and research and the Federal Ministry of labor and social security. The government plans to invest a total of 3billion euros by 2025, and use this as a lever to drive states, economic circles and scientific circles to jointly invest, and strive to finally double the total investment, that is, 6billion euros

enterprises still need to change their ideas

according to a recent survey jointly completed by PricewaterhouseCoopers, a well-known accounting firm, and Kaidu, a well-known consulting company, 48% of German entrepreneurs believe that their enterprises have nothing to do with AI, 28% of companies believe that their business is related to AI, but they are unwilling to use AI, and 17% of companies plan to introduce and use AI in the future, Only 4% of companies use AI in all links. In this regard, rayzer, a professional AI consultant of PricewaterhouseCoopers, said that this kind of AI awareness is weak, and I am afraid that the zero adjustment screw will be raised, so that German enterprises will gradually lose competitiveness in the future

wansleben, director general of the final conference of German industry and commerce, said: "Ai cannot be further applied in the field of national economy." He demanded that in order to better let AI technology serve the practice, we need a better innovation atmosphere, laws and regulations conducive to technological development, close production and learning transformation, and less bureaucracy. Any section on the experimental curve can be locally amplified analytically and a reliable digital infrastructure, including optical fiber and 5g network. He said that two thirds of the members of the chamber of Commerce and industry complained that facing the uncertainty that installing equipment on the legal use of data is not a simple thing, "it is very urgent and important for" (the government) to interpret the European data protection law in line with its practical application "

Baker, a guest commentator of the well-known German business newspaper business daily, said that compared with China and the United States, German enterprises face stricter restrictions on data collection and use. The stricter the law is, the more sensitive people are to the parts involving their private data. Many large enterprises rely on the huge amount of data collection and use in Asia and America to constantly improve their algorithms

the research and innovation expert committee is the official think tank of the German government. It pointed out in the latest German government science and technology policy evaluation report that China and the United States have advantages in data use, and Germany should also strengthen the use of this part of data. When attending the event a few days ago, Merkel warned that the supervision of data security and other aspects in the digital era is essential, but the future of European manufacturing industry cannot be sacrificed due to excessive supervision. She said, "like the development of social market economy all the time, on the one hand, we should clarify the guidelines needed for development through policies, but on the other hand, we should also leave enough free space for enterprise development."

the research and innovation expert committee also proposed that the strategy should further clarify a series of executable specific goals for the development of artificial intelligence in Germany. Instead of rushing to build 12 artificial intelligence centers, we should concentrate resources on existing centers to become stronger and bigger. There is no need to rush to expand the team of professionals on a large scale, but to concentrate funds on a group of long-term and lifelong relevant experts in a longer period of time

boss, a member of the German government digitalization Committee and the owner of artificial intelligence enterprises, stressed that enterprises should also consciously use artificial intelligence technology and actively integrate it into their own business model, rather than relying solely on government funding

cooperate to carry out ethical research

according to German media reports, Germany's Munich University of technology and American social media Facebook recently announced the establishment of an artificial intelligence Ethics Institute. Facebook will invest 6.5 million euros in the construction of the Institute in the next five years. The Institute will be set up in the existing Munich social science and technology center of the University, aiming to allow scholars of nature and humanities to cooperate to examine research projects from both technical and ethical perspectives. The Institute will discuss specific research topics this month and plans to hold its first public seminar in the second half of this year

according to the information released by the Munich University of technology at the beginning of this year, Christophe Rutger, the head of the Institute, said, "we hope to provide reference for society, economic circles and legislators, and clarify and answer the ethical problems brought about by artificial intelligence"

Joaquin ginionero candela, head of Facebook's applied machine learning department, said: "Ai brings complex problems that affect human beings and society, and the industry alone cannot solve them." He said that he hoped that the Institute would devote itself to exploring "fundamental issues" about the application and impact of this technology

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